Lesson: Analogies - 02

Analogies: Basic Level meaning of the words

Your first task in this chapter is to learn the 5 basic Levels for handling a Analogy. (You’ll apply these Levels to two sample questions.)

Levels 1: Determine the Meaning of the Words

Determine the meaning of each word in the original pair. If you’re unfamiliar with one or both words, try to guess what it means based on its prefix, if any, and root.

Levels 2: Figure Out How the Words Are Related

Determine how the two words are related, and make up a sentence that expresses that relationship. Try to be specific. A sentence such as “[one word] is a type of [the other word]” might suffice for easier Analogies, but in most cases you’ll have to get more specific. (A bit later, we’ll take an in-depth look at the most common types of word relationships appearing on the test.)

Video Lesson - What are Analogies

Practice Questions

Levels 3: Try Out Your Sentence Using the Answer Choices

Try each answer choice in turn, eliminating those that clearly don’t work. Read your sentence, substituting each word pair by turn for the original pair.Ask yourself whether the sentence makes sense with the new pair. If it does, or if it’s close, the pair might be your best choice. If it doesn't, eliminate that answer choice.

Levels 4: Try Again If You Have More Than One Answer

If you’re left with more than one answer—or no answer at all—go back and make your sentence fit better. Your original sentence might have been:
  • Too general
  • Too specific
  • A good start, but not sufficient (in other words, there’s another kind of relationship
    you must recognize to narrow down the choices further)

Levels 5: Choose the Best Answer

If none of the choices fits exactly, choose the one that works best. No analogy is perfect, so don’t look for a perfect match. You’re looking for the best answer—the closest fit among the five choices.

Task

Applying these 5 Levels to two -style Analogies. Start by reading the first one (below) as follows: "Write is to scribble as ________ is to ________."

Example

WRITE : SCRIBBLE
  1. shout : mutter
  2. send : dispatch
  3. cut : carve
  4. walk : stagger
  5. please : worry

Next to display next topic in the chapter.

Test Prep Lessons With Video Lessons and Explained MCQ

Large number of solved practice MCQ with explanations. Video Lessons and 10 Fully explained Grand/Full Tests.

Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

The Miller Analogies Test (MAT) is an exam administered by the Harcourt Assessment at Pearson testing centers. The MAT is an admissions exam accepted by many graduate programs in the United States. Additionally, it is used by many high-IQ societies across the world as an admission requirement. The MAT is intended to assess logical and analytical reasoning through completion of partial analogies. The test duration is 60 minutes and contains 120 questions. Exam formats include both computer-based tests (CBT) and paper and pencil format.