Lesson: Analogies - 07

Analogies: Attention to Capitalized words

Pay Attention to a Capitalized Word’s “Charge”—Positive, Negative, or Neutral If one of the capitalized words has either a negative or positive connotation, the corresponding word in the correct answer choice will be similarly “charged.” But if the capitalized word is neutral, the corresponding word in the correct answer choice must be neutral as well. Let’s apply this strategy to a -style Analogy:

Example

DETRIMENTAL : IMPACT
  1. fearful : timidity
  2. joyful : emotion
  3. painful : soreness
  4. sluggish : pace
  5. odious : smell

Video Lesson - Capitalized words

Practice Questions

Example Solution

DETRIMENTAL : IMPACT
  1. Crossfearful : timidity
  2. Crossjoyful : emotion
  3. Crosspainful : soreness
  4. Crosssluggish : pace
  5. Checkodious : smell

Explanation

The correct answer is (E). The word DETRIMENTAL (harmful) describes a negative type of IMPACT, which is neutral in itself. So the best answer choice’s first word should have a negative slant, while its second word should be neutral. You can eliminate choices (A) and (C) because, in each one, the second word (timidity or soreness, respectively) has a negative charge. Conversely, you can eliminate choice (B) because the first word (joyful) is positively charged. That leaves choices (D) and (E). The word sluggish describes a very slow pace, but it does not have a strong negative connotation. On the other hand, odious (which means “repulsive”) is clearly a negative slant on the neutral word smell. So even if you didn’t know what odious means, you could eliminate all other choices based on how their words are charged.

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Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

The Miller Analogies Test (MAT) is an exam administered by the Harcourt Assessment at Pearson testing centers. The MAT is an admissions exam accepted by many graduate programs in the United States. Additionally, it is used by many high-IQ societies across the world as an admission requirement. The MAT is intended to assess logical and analytical reasoning through completion of partial analogies. The test duration is 60 minutes and contains 120 questions. Exam formats include both computer-based tests (CBT) and paper and pencil format.