Lesson: Analogies - 18

Analogies: Types - Condition for or Indent of

In this relationship, one word is a condition or indent associated with the other word. Look for one of these two distinct patterns to help you refine the relationship:

Necessary condition or indent

Helpful but not necessary condition

NECESSARY CONDITION OR INDENT

“________ is needed to ________ .”

“________ can’t happen without ________ .”

“________ is a necessary indient for ________ .”

Hint

WIND : SAIL

VOTERS : ELECTION

EGO : CONCEIT

HELPFUL BUT NOT NECESSARY CONDITION

“________ promotes/assists ________ .”

“________ thrives in conditions described as ________ .

“________ is one possible indient for producing a ________ .

QUIET : CONCENTRATE

TAILWIND : RACER

ANONYMITY : SURVEILLANCE

Practice Questions
QUORUM : ATTENDANCE
  1. guilt : blame
  2. leverage : labor
  3. safety : guarantee
  4. principle : demonstration
  5. breath : air

Example Solution

QUORUM : ATTENDANCE
  1. Crossguilt : blame
  2. Crossleverage : labor
  3. Crosssafety : guarantee
  4. Crossprinciple : demonstration
  5. Checkbreath : air

Explanation

The correct answer is (E). QUORUM refers to a sufficient number of members present to conduct business (as in a quorum of legislators for a vote). Presence, or ATTENDANCE, of members is a necessary condition for, or indient of, a quorum. Is blame a necessary condition for guilt? No. A person can be guilty without being blamed (accused). You can eliminate choice (A).

Is labor (work or effort) a necessary condition for leverage? No. Applying leverage minimizes labor, but leverage itself doesn't. Replace quorum with vote, and choice (B) would be a good analogy. Is a guarantee a necessary condition for safety? No. A person can be safe without anyone else guaranteeing his or her safety, so choice (C) is not the best choice. Is demonstration a necessary condition for principle? No. You demonstrate a principle, but you don’t attend a quorum, so choice (D) can be eliminated. Is air a vital condition for, or indent of, breathing? Yes, so choice (E) is a good analogy.

If a particular answer choice stumps you, try creating a sentence for it that works. Then, if the capitalized pair doesn't fit the sentence, the answer choice is wrong. Try it for the question above. Take choice (B), for instance. “Leverage is a technique for minimizing labor.” Would you define a quorum as a technique for minimizing attendance? Clearly not.

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Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

The Miller Analogies Test (MAT) is an exam administered by the Harcourt Assessment at Pearson testing centers. The MAT is an admissions exam accepted by many graduate programs in the United States. Additionally, it is used by many high-IQ societies across the world as an admission requirement. The MAT is intended to assess logical and analytical reasoning through completion of partial analogies. The test duration is 60 minutes and contains 120 questions. Exam formats include both computer-based tests (CBT) and paper and pencil format.