Lesson: Analogies - 19

Analogies: Types - Part, Element, or Aspect

In this type of relationship, one word is an element, part, facet, or aspect of the other word. Look for one of four distinct patterns to help you refine the relationship:

Intrinsic aspect or quality

Part-to-whole (essential part)

Part-to-whole (non-essential part)

Individual-to-group

INTRINSIC ASPECT OR QUALITY

“________ is one intrinsic aspect of a ________ , and it can’t be separated from the whole.” “ Every ________ includes some kind of ________ , which can’t be separated from the whole.”

TEMPERATURE : CLIMATE

TEXTURE : WOOD

ATTITUDE : PERSONALITY

Practice Questions

PART-TO-WHOLE (ESSENTIAL PART)

“A ________ is a distinct physical component/part of every ________ .”

WALL : HOUSE

SCREEN : TELEVISION

WHEEL : AUTOMOBILE

PART-TO-WHOLE (NON-ESSENTIAL PART)

“A ________ is one possible component/part of a ________ .”

SHOES : OUTFIT

CODA : COMPOSITION (a coda is an distinctive ending of a musical composition)

ADJUDICATION : TRIAL (Remember this pair from earlier in the chapter?)

INDIVIDUAL-TO-GROUP

“Several ________ s make up a ________ .”

“A group of ________ s is called a ________ .”

PATRON : CLIENTELE (a patron is a customer; clientele refers to a business’s customers as a group)

LION : PRIDE (a pride is a community of lions)

PATCH : MOSAIC (a mosaic is an assemblage of pieces to form a larger artwork)

Example

CONTOUR : VISAGE
  1. lid : eye
  2. tarnish : antique
  3. carrot : vegetable
  4. face : clock
  5. charcoal : fire

Example Solution

CONTOUR : VISAGE
  1. Crosslid : eye
  2. Checktarnish : antique
  3. Crosscarrot : vegetable
  4. Crossface : clock
  5. Crosscharcoal : fire

Explanation

The correct answer is (B). CONTOUR (a noun here) means “shape.” VISAGE means “overall appearance.” The contour (shape) of a thing is one aspect of its overall visage (appearance). Is a lid one possible aspect of an eye? No. A lid covers an eye. Does a contour cover a visage? No, so choice (A) is out. Tarnish (a noun here) means “a blemish or imperfection (typical due to use or age).” Tarnish is one possible aspect of an antique. Choice (B) is a good analogy. Is a carrot one aspect of a vegetable? No; it is one type, so choice (C) is not a good analogy. Is a face one aspect of a clock? No. It is one physical part or component of a clock, so choice (D) is not correct. Is charcoal one aspect of fire? No. Fire is one possible quality of charcoal.

Next to display next topic in the chapter.

Test Prep Lessons With Video Lessons and Explained MCQ

Large number of solved practice MCQ with explanations. Video Lessons and 10 Fully explained Grand/Full Tests.

Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

The Miller Analogies Test (MAT) is an exam administered by the Harcourt Assessment at Pearson testing centers. The MAT is an admissions exam accepted by many graduate programs in the United States. Additionally, it is used by many high-IQ societies across the world as an admission requirement. The MAT is intended to assess logical and analytical reasoning through completion of partial analogies. The test duration is 60 minutes and contains 120 questions. Exam formats include both computer-based tests (CBT) and paper and pencil format.