Lesson: Analogies - 15

Types of Analogy 4

Analogies Operates Against

In this type of relationship, the two words are contrary to each other, and their contrary nature involves function or purpose. Look for one of four distinct patterns to help you refine the relationship: Correction, reversal, elimination Lessening (decrease) in dee, extent, amount, quantity Prevention

Opposing functions

Hint

CORRECTION, REVERSAL, ELIMINATION

“________ corrects/reverses/eliminates ________ .”

SUSTENANCE : MALNUTRITION : (sustenance means “food or nourishment”)

LOOSEN : STRANGULATED

INUNDATED : SCARCE (inundated means “flooded or deluged”)

LESSENING (DECREASE) IN DEE, EXTENT, AMOUNT, QUANTITY

“________ lessens the dee/extent/amount of ________ .”

BRAKE : SPEED

COMPRESSION : AMPLITUDE (amplitude means “fullness or breadth”)

FILTER : SPECTRUM

Hint

PREVENTION

“________ prevents ________ from occurring.”

BLOCKADE : PROSS

CORRAL : DISPERSE

UMBRELLA : DRENCH

OPPOSING FUNCTIONS

“________ and ________ serve opposing functions.”

“________ and ________ work at cross-purposes.”

FERTILIZER : SICKLE

ANCHOR : CORK

pppEPOXY : MILLSTONE

Practice Questions

Example

VIGILANCE : DANGER
  1. chimney : fire
  2. eraser : error
  3. relief : disaster
  4. clot : bleeding
  5. door : draft

Example Solution

VIGILANCE : DANGER
  1. Crosschimney : fire
  2. Crosseraser : error
  3. Crossrelief : disaster
  4. Crossclot : bleeding
  5. Checkdoor : draft

Explanation

The correct answer is (E). VIGILANCE means “caution or wariness,” and can lessen the dee of DANGER to which one is exposed. Does a chimney reduce exposure to fire? No, so choice (A) is incorrect. Does an eraser reduce exposure to error? No, so you can eliminate choice (B). Does relief reduce exposure to disaster? No. Relief corrects or reverses the results of a disaster. Choice (C) is incorrect. Does a clot reduce exposure to bleeding. No. It stops bleeding that is already occurring; you can eliminate choice (D) as a possible answer. A door can reduce the extent of draft (air current) to which one is exposed, as vigilance can lessen the dee of danger to which one is exposed. So choice (E) is a good analogy.

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Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

The Miller Analogies Test (MAT) is an exam administered by the Harcourt Assessment at Pearson testing centers. The MAT is an admissions exam accepted by many graduate programs in the United States. Additionally, it is used by many high-IQ societies across the world as an admission requirement. The MAT is intended to assess logical and analytical reasoning through completion of partial analogies. The test duration is 60 minutes and contains 120 questions. Exam formats include both computer-based tests (CBT) and paper and pencil format.