Lesson: Analogies - 20

Analogies: Types - Evidence or Result

In this relationship, one word provides evidence of the other one. Look for three distinct patterns to help you refine the relationship:

Cause-and-effect (natural or likely outcome or consequence)

Process and product (the result is intentional)

Symptom, sign, or manifestation

CAUSE-AND-EFFECT

“If ________ occurs, so will ________ .”

“________ is a by-product of ________ .”

BOREDOM : MONOTONY

OBSOLESCENCE : INNOVATION

INJURY : REMISS (remiss means “negligent or neglectful”)

Practice Questions

PROCESS AND PRODUCT

“You create a ________ by the process of ________ .”

“________ is the intentional result of ________ .”

SMOOTH : SHAVE

COFFEE : BREW

DEAL : NEGOTIATE

SYMPTOM, SIGN, OR MANIFESTATION

“________ is an indication that ________ has occurred.”

“________ is one possible symptom of ________ .”

TUMOR : CANCER

BLUSH : EMBARRASSED

ISOLATION : MISANTHROPE (a misanthrope is a person who hates or distrusts humankind)

Example

SHUN : DISAPPROVAL
  1. envy : gluttony
  2. give : ed
  3. lie : insincerity
  4. nap : relaxation
  5. persist : incontinence

Example Solution

SHUN : DISAPPROVAL
  1. Crossenvy : gluttony
  2. Crossgive : ed
  3. Crosslie : insincerity
  4. Checknap : relaxation
  5. Crosspersist : incontinence

Explanation

The correct answer is (D). To SHUN is to avoid or ignore. One who disapproves of the behavior of another might show that DISAPPROVAL by shunning the other person. So “shunning is one possible sign of disapproval,” yet not a defining characteristic of it. Is envy one possible sign of gluttony? No. Gluttony means “excessive hunger or craving,” so the two words are unrelated. Choice (A) isn’t a good answer choice. Is giving one possible sign of ed? No.

Taking, not giving, is a possible sign of ed, so choice (B) is out. Is lying one possible sign of insincerity? No. It is a defining characteristic, so choice (C) can be eliminated. Is a nap a possible sign of relaxation? Yes, although it’s not a defining characteristic. Choice (D) is a good analogy. Is persisting a possible sign of incontinence? No. Incontinence means “lack of control over one’s bodily urges,” so the two words are somewhat contrary in meaning.

In the analogy above, the two capitalized words bear some similarity in meaning—a clue that you can eliminate any answer choice where the two words are the least bit contrary in meaning to each other. Choices (B) and (E) both match this description.

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Test Prep Lessons With Video Lessons and Explained MCQ

Large number of solved practice MCQ with explanations. Video Lessons and 10 Fully explained Grand/Full Tests.

Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

The Miller Analogies Test (MAT) is an exam administered by the Harcourt Assessment at Pearson testing centers. The MAT is an admissions exam accepted by many graduate programs in the United States. Additionally, it is used by many high-IQ societies across the world as an admission requirement. The MAT is intended to assess logical and analytical reasoning through completion of partial analogies. The test duration is 60 minutes and contains 120 questions. Exam formats include both computer-based tests (CBT) and paper and pencil format.