Lesson: Analogies - 17

Analogies: Types - Place or Environment

In this type of relationship, one word describes a place (location, environment, forum, setting); the other word describes an object or event associated with that place. Look for one of two distinct patterns to help you refine the relationship:

The only place generally associated with the object or event One of many places associated with the object or event

THE ONLY PLACE GENERALLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE OBJECT OR EVENT

“________ usually occurs in a ________ .”

“A ________ is the only place you’ll find ________ .”

COOK : KITCHEN

HONEYCOMB: HIVE

ELEGY : FUNERAL (an elegy is a song of mourning)

ONE OF MANY PLACES ASSOCIATED WITH THE OBJECT OR EVENT

“________ is one activity that might occur at a ________ .”

“________ is one place where ________ might be found.”

OBSERVE : LABORATORY

EXTRACTION : QUARRY

POACH : LAKE (to poach is to illegally remove fish or game)

Practice Questions

Example

PODIUM : ORATORY
  1. dock : boat
  2. kitchen : cuisine
  3. battlefield : strategy
  4. computer : calculation
  5. poem : lyrics

Example Solution

PODIUM : ORATORY
  1. Crossdock : boat
  2. Crosskitchen : cuisine
  3. Checkbattlefield : strategy
  4. Crosscomputer : calculation
  5. Crosspoem : lyrics

Explanation

The correct answer is (C). A PODIUM is a stand used for public speaking. ORATORY refers to the art of public speaking. So a podium (more accurately, behind a podium) is a place to demonstrate one’s oratory. Is a dock a place to demonstrate a boat? No; it’s the place where a boat is stored when not being demonstrated. Choice (A) is eliminated. Is a kitchen a place to demonstrate cuisine? Perhaps. Cuisine refers to a style of cooking—but it is really demonstrated to others in a dining room or restaurant, not in a kitchen. Choice (B) might be a possibility.

Is a computer a place to demonstrate a calculation? Not usually. A computer is a tool used to perform a calculation. Also, a computer is not really a “place,” so the analogy in choice (D) is weak on two counts. Is a poem a place to demonstrate lyrics? No. Lyrics are by definition the words to a song, but a poem is not a song. Also, a poem is not really a “place,” so like choice (D), the analogy is weak on two counts. Choice (B) is a possibility, but it is not as strong as choice (C). A battlefield is a place where an army demonstrates its strategy.

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Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

The Miller Analogies Test (MAT) is an exam administered by the Harcourt Assessment at Pearson testing centers. The MAT is an admissions exam accepted by many graduate programs in the United States. Additionally, it is used by many high-IQ societies across the world as an admission requirement. The MAT is intended to assess logical and analytical reasoning through completion of partial analogies. The test duration is 60 minutes and contains 120 questions. Exam formats include both computer-based tests (CBT) and paper and pencil format.