Lesson: Analogies - 04

Analogies: word pair relationship

Ideally, you should formulate a sentence that captures the essence of the relationship between the two capitalized words. If you formulate a sentence that captures one aspect of the relationship but fails to capture the defining relationship, you probably won’t zero in on the best answer choice. For example, consider the following analogy



  1. steal : borrow
  2. saturate : dye
  3. comfort : medicate
  4. interrogate : ask
  5. plummet : fall

Video Lesson - Word Pair Relations

Practice Questions


In the capitalized pair, the relationship involves both quality and dee. Someone who plans to EXTORT (force from another by violence or intimidation) hopes to exert at INFLUENCE. Three of the choices, (A), (D), and (E), illustrate an analogous relationship. To steal is to borrow permanently; to interrogate is to ask very closely and thoroughly; and to plummet is to fall rapidly and precipitously. Leaving yourself three viable choices should tell you that you haven’t yet determined the essence of the relationship between EXTORT and INFLUENCE. So try again: The usual purpose of extortion is to compel another to give you something (usually money) by influence; similarly, the usual purpose of interrogation is to compel another to give you something (usually information) by asking. So in both pairs, the relationship is one of dee as well as purpose. Would it make sense to say that the purpose of stealing something is to obtain something else by borrowing? Or that the purpose of descending is to plummet? No. So choice (D) provides a better analogy that either choice (A) or (E). The correct answer is (D).

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Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

The Miller Analogies Test (MAT) is an exam administered by the Harcourt Assessment at Pearson testing centers. The MAT is an admissions exam accepted by many graduate programs in the United States. Additionally, it is used by many high-IQ societies across the world as an admission requirement. The MAT is intended to assess logical and analytical reasoning through completion of partial analogies. The test duration is 60 minutes and contains 120 questions. Exam formats include both computer-based tests (CBT) and paper and pencil format.