Verbal Analogies

Video Lesson on Verbal Analogies

Word analogies tests. also called verbal analogies tests focus on seeing relationships between concepts and practicing this provides an excellent training for standardized tests like the GAT, the NAT, NUST Entrance Exam, and other professional exams. From an even more practical standpoint and also maybe even more important, employers are increasingly using these word comparisons as screening tests to determine the quickness and verbal reasoning skill of a new applicant. In the case when you get an assessment or screening test it may get you or may not get you that job you desire that much.

Verbal analogies or word analogies come in a lot of different types e.g. opposites or classifications to name a few. Learning and remembering these types will help you to recognize and classify the different types of analogies which will increase your score in professional or admission exams.

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Types of Analogies

EntryTest.com provides a large number of analogy questions. These so-called word analogies or verbal analogies are available in a lot of different types so on this page we gathered an extensive list of analogy types. Also, we included some example analogies with every type mentioned. If you want to train analogies for some kind of test you have to take, we would advise you to print this list and use it as a lead while finishing our practice tests. This will help you to recognize and classify the different types of analogies which in the long run will help you to complete these tests faster and make fewer mistakes, thus score better. Of course, not all types of analogies are included in this list since the possibilities are near endless instead we gathered the most common types.

Opposites/Antonyms Analogies

Opposites are exactly as the word suggests, things that are opposite to each other. This is a common analogy type which you will encounter fairly often and since words have only one opposite this a pretty straightforward type which does not leave much room for discussion.

Object and Classification Analogies

Objects can be given a classification, a group of objects to which they belong. Most objects can even be classified into several different groups as shown in the example in which a knife is classified as kitchenware or a weapon. In analogy test questions both are completely legitimate. This can provide multiple correct solutions to a problem, however, most analogy tests are multiple-choice so in the answers, only one correct classification should be given.

Examples: knife and kitchenware, knife and weapon, red and color, pants and clothing, etc.

Object and Related Object Analogies

As shown the words mentioned in the example are all related to each other in some way or another. Be careful not to confuse this type of analogy with the “things that go together” analogy type which is described below. The related object in this “object and related object” analogy is an obvious relation, however, the object is not inseparably intertwined to one another like for example a knife and a fork. The objects in this analogy type have a relation to one another, however, the correct relation should be determined by looking at the concerning question and answers.

Examples: cat and kitten, plant and seed, dog and puppy, etc.

Object and Group Analogies

These are objects which form a specifically named group when several are put together. Several wolves together form a pack, several trees a forest etc..

Examples: wolf and pack, tree and forest, seagull and flock

Degrees of a Characteristic Analogies

The “degrees of a characteristic” relation in analogies can best be explained by looking at an example. Let's use the warm and hot from below. One degree higher than warm can be hot, another degree higher could be burning. We can also go the other way around like from cold to freezing. This analogy type mostly consists of adjectives but this does not always have to be the case like the flat to skyscraper example depicts.

Examples: flat and skyscraper, tired and exhausted, warm and hot, cold and freezing

Cause and Effect Analogies

The similarity in these types of analogies derives from the cause on one side and its indisputably connected effect on the other side. From spinning you’ll be dizzy, from the fire you”l get burned etc.. Be careful not to mix this type up with the effort and result analogy which is discussed below, since for the “cause and effect” analogy type you do not have to put in an extra effort to obtain the result. If you spin you’ll get dizzy whether you like it or not, this is a side effect of spinning since you will not likely to spin just to become dizzy.

Examples: spin and dizzy, fire and burn, read and learn, etcetera.

Effort and Result Analogies

The difference between this analogy type and “cause and effect” type, which is explained above, is the fact that for the effort and result connection an actual effort has to be made. If you put your hand on fire it will burn without effort. A painting, on the contrary, has to be painted and painting is an effort somebody has to perform and it has to be performed in a certain way.

Examples: paint and painting, build and house, write and letter.

Problem and Solution Analogies

Some problems have very obvious solutions like for example if you have an itch(problem) you can scratch(solution) to solve that problem. These problems and solutions are gratefully used in word analogy problems.

Examples: itch and scratch, unemployment and job application, tired and sleep.

Verb Tenses Analogies

This are exactly as the word says a type of analogy in which two tenses of a verb are analogous to two of the same tenses of another verb. This is a pretty simple and easy recognizable type.

Examples: walk and walked, eat and ate, sent and send, etcetera.

Performer and action Analogies

This is again a very straightforward analogy type which is based on taking two sets of performers and their corresponding actions. The relation between a painter and to paint is the same as the relation between a soldier and to fight.

Examples: painter and paint, soldier and to fight, scientist and to research.

Object and part of the whole Analogies

Be careful not to confuse this type of analogy with the object and group analogy which is described above. The difference derives from the fact that in the object and part of a whole relation the “object” is not automatically the “whole” when lots of the objects are brought together. For example, glass and window match the description of object and part of a whole, but glass could just as easily match light bulb so the glass will only be a light bulb if you process it in certain ways.

Examples: brick and wall, glass and window, glass and light bulb, page and book.

Object and Function Analogies

Some objects have designated functions which are inseparably connected to the concerning object like for example you use a keyboard for typing and a telephone for calling. These relations are often used in analogy test problems.

Examples: keyboard and to type, telephone and to call, paintbrush and to paint.

Object and Location Analogies

In this relation objects are designated to their most logical location. This is not always strictly defined e.g. a tree can be in the forest but it can just as easily be in the park. You will have to find the correct answer again by carefully analyzing the analogy problem and its possible solutions.

Examples: plane and hangar, dog and doghouse, tree and forest.

Things That Go Together Analogies

Some objects like for example salt and pepper are indisputably connected to each other. These “sets” of objects are gratefully used in modern verbal analogies.

Examples: salt and pepper, statue and socket, fork and knife.

Rhyme Analogies

Rhyme comes in lots of different shapes and is used sometimes in word analogies. Keep in mind that not only the standard perfect rhymes can be used but also other types of syllabic rhyme or half rhyme can be encountered. The rhyme analogy problem provided it is no basic rhyme type can be a very hard analogy to encounter.

Examples: deer and steer, red and rod, glasses and mosses.

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